Mountain Architecture: An Alternative Design Proposal
for the
Wy'East Day Lodge, Mount Hood Oregon

by Thomas P. Deering, Jr.

CHAPTER II - Notes

1. Mario Cereghini Building in the Mountains, (1957), p. 45.

2. Ibid, p. 41ff.

3. Pierre Jacquet, The Swiss Chalet, (1963), p. 39.

4. Harvey H. Kaiser, "The Adirondack Rustic Style," (1983), pp. 1, 30-33ff.

5. Ibid, p. 30.

6. Ibid.

7. Ibid.

8. Ibid.

9. Harvey H. Kaiser, Great Camps of the Adirondacks, (1982), p. 4.

10. Harvey H. Kaiser, "The Adirondack Rustic Style," (1983), p. 1.

11. Harvey H. Kaiser, Great Camps of the Adirondacks, (1982), pp. 4, 69.

12. Jeffery Limerick, America's Grand Resort Hotels, (1979), p. 31.

13. Ibid, p. 32.

14. Mrs. Elizibeth F. Lummis Ellet, "a well known critic, historian, and poet [who] visited the hotel around 1850 and was enthralled by its unexpected splendor." As quoted in Limerick, p. 32.

15. Ibid.

16. Brian McGinty, The Palace Inns, (1978), p. 147.

17. Ibid, p. 151.

18. Ibid, p. 153.

19. Abraham Rogatnick, "Canadian Castles," (1967), p. 365.

20. Ibid.

21. Howard Kalman, The Railway Hotels and the Development of the Chateau Style in Canada, (1969), p. 6.

22. Ibid, p. 10.

23. As quoted in Kalman, p. 6.

24. Kalman, p. 10.

25. Ibid, p. 9.

26. Ibid, p. 28.

27. Ibid, p. 18.

28. Rogatnick, p. 371.

29. Kalman, p. 22.

30. Ibid, p. 23.

31. Rogatnick, p. 371.

32. Roderick Nash, Wilderness and the American Mind, 3rd ed., (1982), p. 110

33. Ibid, p. 111.

34. McMillon, The Old Lodges and Hotels of Our National Parks, (1983), p. 94.

35. Limerick, p. 133.

36. McMillon, p. 97.

37. Limerick, p. 137.

38. Ibid.

39. McMillon, p. 89.

40. Limerick, p. 137.

41. Ibid, p. 139.

42. There appears to be some disagreement as to the name of the architect. Limerick attributes the design to Thomas D. McMahon of St. Paul, Minnesota (p. 139), whereas the reference to S. L. Bartlett of Chicago is by McMillon. Bartlett's research seems to have been on the whole more extensive and more accurate (p. 22).

43. Thomas Vaughan and Virginia Farriday, eds. Space Style and Structure, Building in Northwest America, 2 Vols. (1974), p. 315.

44. Ibid.

45. Limerick, p. 139.

46. McMillon, p. 26.

47. Ibid, p. 28.

48. McMillon, p. 32.

49. Ibid, pp. 36-38.

50. Ibid, pp. 68, 73.

51. Ibid, p. 6.

52. Vaughan, p. 388.

53. Ibid.

54. U. S. Department of the Interior. National Park Service, Park Structures and Facilities, (1935), p. 1.

55. McMillon, p. 68; Vaughan, p. 389.

56. See the two U. S. National Park Service publications, Park Structures and Facilities, (1935), and its expanded three volume second edition, Park and Recreation Structures, (1938), for an exhaustive collection of minor park structures in the National Park Rustic style.

57. The world record snow accumulation of 1122 inches was set at the Paradise recording station during the winter of 1971-72. The pack reached a maximum depth that year of 305 inches. (McMillon, p. 72).

58. An excellent account of the Mount Baker Lodge's short history is contained in Mount Baker Ski Area, a Pictorial History, (1982), by Ramon Heller.

59. A party of four men, lead by Edmund T. Coleman of Victoria B. C. reached the top on August 17, 1868 after two unsuccessful attempts. Heller, p. 5. The event most likely being referred to was the Mazamas' widely publicized charter meeting on the summit of Mount Hood in 1894.

60. Two other significant figures were Frank I. Sefrit, managing editor of the Bellingham American-Reveille, who was an early supporter of the road construction, and Everett B. Demming, head of Pacific American Fisheries who was the first president of the Mount Baker Development Company. (Heller, p. 7-9).

61. Shirley Sargent, The Ahwahnee, Yosemite's Classic Hotel, p. 7. An excellent architectural description of The Ahwahnee can be found in Jane Wier's unpublished Doctoral dissertation, "Timberline Lodge: A WPA Experiment in arts and crafts," (1977), pp. 142-146. Other descriptive sources include Kramer, pp. 148-151; Limerick, pp. 220-225; and McMillon, pp. 114-122.

62. Sargent, p. 7.

63. Ibid, p. 8.

64. Jack Kramer, The Last of the Grand Hotels, (1978), p. 149.

65. Sargent, p. 9.

66. Ibid, pp. 9, 10.

67. Ibid, pp. 8, 9.

68. Ibid, p. 10.

69. Ibid, p. 11.

70. Ibid, p. 13.

71. Ibid.

72. The Interior designer was Jeanette Spencer who was eventually retained on a permanent basis. The two art historians were the husband and wife team of Drs. Phyllis Ackerman and Arthur Pope. (Sargent, p. 14).

73. A recollection by Hil Oelmann, Tresidder's right-hand man. (Sargent, p. 16).

74. Sally Woodbridge and Roger Montgomery, A Guide to Architecture in Washington State, (1980), p. 365.


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Master of Architecture Thesis
(M. Arch - University of Washington - 1986)


Extensive copying of this thesis is allowable only for scholarly purposes,
consistent with "fair use" as described in the U.S. Copyright Law.
Any other reproduction for any purpose or by any means
shall not be allowed without my written permission.


Copyright 1986 © Thomas P. Deering, Jr.



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